Frequently Asked Questions
What exactly is vibration-training?
Vibration training is a method of training in which the TurboSonic vibration-training apparatus is used. The TurboSonic is a training-platform which gives mechanical oscillations from 3 to 50 Hertz.
This type of vibration is also known as ‘whole-body-vibration’. Indeed, the whole body vibrates.
The vibration emanating from the pedestal and conducted throughout the body stimulates muscle fibers (myocytes) with three times the strength of gravity, causing the muscle fibers to contract and relax with greater strength and speed; such powerful muscle contractions, when repeated with the frequency seen in WBV exercise, increase explosive muscle strength, dramatically enhance flexibility and expedite the recovery of damaged muscles and tendons making it an athletic trainer’s dream machine.
In addition, blood vessels throughout the body are stimulated, and circulation is improved. Furthermore, tendons and ligaments, parts of the body not easily trained, become better toned, and the function of intra-pelvic muscles and small muscles such as facial muscles which cannot be worked out through conventional weight training exercises are improved.
The TurboSonic has a positive effect on :
- muscle tissue
- blood vessels
- hormones, and
The effects of the TurboSonic depend on :
- the frequency of the vibration in Hz = the number of impulses per second
- the amplitude of the vibration in Mm = the extent of the movement
- the acceleration of the vibration in G = the power/force of the movement
- the duration of the vibration in seconds or minutes = the time one spends on the apparatus
- the position on the apparatus = the stance one uses on the apparatus.
Exercise involving vibration in the vertical direction also causes greater calorie consumption than regular aerobic exercise does.
Whole Body Vibration exercise in conjunction with conventional muscle exercise can increase maximum muscle strength by over 30% and reduce the period of training required by 85% and time spent exercising by over 50%. Moreover, unlike in conventional muscle training methods involving lifting of weights, little additional load is imposed on joints, ligaments, and tendons in Whole Body Vibration exercise, and consequently the risk of exercise-induced injury is reduced to a negligible level.
How applicable is the TurboSonic?
The vibration of the TurboSonic gives pulsations to all the tissues in the body, such as bone tissue, nerve tissue, tendon tissue and muscles. The TurboSonic apparatus works in a powerful and effective way and, when used correctly, can achieve extremely positive results. The vibration’s enormous impact makes the TurboSonic a versatile training apparatus, which can be used for a great number of applications. Not only is the TurboSonic an apparatus for explosive power training, but it can also be used in the physical therapists practice for physical application.
The many-sided uses of the TurboSonic are:
- top level sports
- physical therapy
- corporate fitness
- cosmeceutical purposes.
Can vibration-training have damaging long term effects?
Vibration is a physical phenomenon which can give enormous power. Extensive research has been done in Scandinavia into the industrial laws and the effect of vibration whilst using, for example, a drill. It appears that only after about 2000 hours of continuously using a drill, is there a risk of damage occurring to the joints of fingers, hands, wrist and elbow. The joints which then mainly suffered were those not used to carrying such a heavy load, such as fingers, hands, wrist and elbow.
Some simple calculations show the following : if we take the longest recommended training protocol of a maximum of 10 minutes per day, one can thus do 12,000 (!) sessions on the TurboSonic. With a session of 10 minutes per day, one could theoretically stand on the TurboSonic every day for more than 32 years!!!
Conversely, the joints of the toes, feet, ankle and knee are pre-eminently suitable to carrying heavy loads i.e. walking, running, sprinting and jumping. Damage is therefore avoided by the extremely short period of a load, which is 10 minutes per day at the most.
How applicable is vibration-training in sports?
Generally speaking, the ‘specific’ aspect of training is often wrongly interpreted. The various developments in top sport show that the ‘specific’ principle is also losing its relevance. For increased power and explosive energy, most top athletes resort to power training with a variety of training apparatus and dumbbells/weights.
Power-training for top athletes can never be really specific, with the exception of weight-lifters. Power-training is a training of the neuromuscular system, in which strengthening the system is essential for certain achievements, but is not necessarily specific.
Vibration-training with the TurboSonic strengthens the neuro-muscular system and therefore improves the conditions necessary in order to reach higher achievements.
Moreover, vibration-training should also be integrated with the training process. You won’t become a better football-player by just standing on the TurboSonic, or a better boxer by solely using the TurboSonic. Football-players will still have to spend most of their time practicing football, just as boxers will have to spend most of their training time in the boxing ring.
Since you’re standing on the machine, do your upper body and arms undergo training as well?
Strangely enough, they do ! Most of the users of the TurboSonic say that their arms have become stronger, even though they have not been especially trained. The explanation for this is the enormous impact of the vibration on the whole body (‘whole-body-vibration’) and the hormonal effect of the vibration-training.
What is the ideal protocol for use of the Turbosonic?
That is almost the same as asking about the ideal food pattern. When setting up a protocol, the following factors are also taken into consideration:
- state of health (are there any disorders)
- state of fitness
- body dimension and composition
- percentage of fast muscle fibers
- training program
- individual reaction to vibration.
In addition to all of this, it must also be borne in mind that sport scientists still disagree about the optimal protocol for increased strength by using dumbbells/weights or training apparatus.
The TurboSonic is a training apparatus for which we give a general training protocol. This protocol is based on scientific research, which has resulted in excellent results for a large group of people. Nevertheless, an even better result might well be achieved by adapting to the individual requirements.
The old wives’ tale, “working out for longer and harder produces better results”, does not apply for the TurboSonic. Much like other types of training, with the TurboSonic it is not about how long or hard one works on the apparatus per session but the quality. With the Turbosonic you are guaranteed to have a quality workout.
Why do we hear or read so little about vibration-training?
This application in sport and therapy is “only” twenty years old, and originated in the former Soviet Union, where new developments were always veiled in secrecy. Research into the effects of vibration in sport only started in the West in 1994. And even then, the first years of research produced very little result because the frequency, the amplitude and the acceleration of the apparatus built were not correct. For this reason, it was concluded that vibration was not effective and the principle was, yet again, shelved.
Professor Carmelo Bosco is the person who provided the great scientific breakthrough with his development of the Vibration device. It is expected that vibration-training will receive more and more attention in the forthcoming years from trainers, scientists, physicians, fitness centers and physical therapists. You will undoubtedly hear and read more about vibration-training in the near future.
Does Vibration training have scientific foundation?
Yes, vibration-training is scientifically underpinned. In the 1960’s, research was done by scientists from the former Soviet Union (Nazarov) and later on by the Israeli scientist, Issurin, into the applicability and the effects of what we now call ‘vibration-training’
During the past few years, Korea has rediscovered the principle of vibration-training and done further scientific research.
Vibration-training is also often used in Germany as clinical treatment. Methods of treatment in Germany are only allowed if the method and methodology are adequately proved. Moreover, the methods of treatment are constantly being tested by the government authorities. We are unaware of any situations in which vibration-training is not allowed.
In any case, the literature bibliographies show there are sufficient scientific publications in leading journals about vibration-training. From a scientific point of view, one can conclude that vibration-training is sufficiently researched to be scientifically founded.
What are precautions and contrain/dications of the use of the TWBVM?
So far, clinical trials show vibration therapy and training to be generally safe. However, if one of the conditions listed below applies to you, we strongly advise that you consult your physician or physical therapist before attemptin to use TurboSonic Sonic Vibration System:
Serious cardiovascular condition • Pacemaker • Pregnancy • Recent Surgery • Acute Thrombosis • Hip and/or Knee Replacements • Epilepsy • Severe Diabetes • Acute hernia, discopathy, spondylolysis • Recent infections • Severe migraine • Tumor • Recently placed IUD’s, metal pins or plates.
Very frail individuals, those with vestibular compromise and children should be accompanied by and adult when using the TSVS as well. If you have any questions or concerns, feel free to contact us. We will gladly refer you to medical practitioners who use the TSVS within their practice.